December 4, 2023

Tullio Corradini

Trusted Legal Source

The Toronto Vacant Home Tax

The Toronto Vacant Home Tax

The Toronto Vacant Home Tax
  • Monday, 20 March 2023

The Toronto true estate sector is established to expertise modifications with the introduction of the new Vacant House Tax. The new tax is aimed at addressing the lack of affordable housing in the metropolis by encouraging property entrepreneurs to lease out their unoccupied households. This posting will discuss the information of the new tax, how it will impact the serious estate sector, and what assets proprietors should expect.

What is the Vacant Property Tax?

The Vacant Residence Tax is a 1% tax imposed on the benefit of homes that are remaining unoccupied for far more than 6 months in a year. For case in point, if the recent value assessment  of your assets is $1,000,000, the tax amount of money billed would be $10,000 (1% x $1,000,000). 

The tax applies to all qualities positioned inside of the Town of Toronto, which includes one-spouse and children homes, condos, and multi-unit properties. The tax is portion of the Metropolis of Toronto’s efforts to maximize the source of inexpensive housing and lower the quantity of vacant houses in the metropolis.

The Vacant Property Tax has implications for home transactions, the two for purchasers and distributors:

  • It is the duty of purchasers and vendors to make the proper arrangements to be certain that the declaration has been submitted.
  • The Vacant Property Tax will type a lien on the assets, and any unpaid taxes will become the purchaser’s responsibility.
  • If a closing takes place between January 1 and the closing of the declaration interval on February 2, the seller need to total the declaration prior to the closing, as only the seller will know the property’s occupancy position for the prior 12 months.
  • If a closing takes place soon after the declaration period of time – February 3 to December 31 – the purchaser will have to post a declaration in the subsequent calendar year. The purchaser qualifies for the “transfer of lawful ownership” exemption.
  • Distributors need to offer a duplicate of the concluded and submitted residence standing declaration to the purchaser.
  • Distributors ought to offer a statutory declaration at closing confirming the filed home status declaration is accurate and suitable.

How to protect oneself as a purchaser:

The best way to secure you as a buyer is to speak with authentic estate lawyers during your transaction. Your law firm will go through the necessary techniques to safeguard you from possible liens on the residence, or any excellent tax ahead of your transaction is entire.

What must residence house owners hope?

While all householders are required to post a declaration of occupancy position, the tax does not apply to:

  • properties that are the principal home of the operator
  • houses that are the principal home of a permitted occupant or tenant
  • qualities that qualify for an exemption

House homeowners will be necessary to declare the occupancy status of their homes on their yearly assets tax monthly bill payable starting in 2023. The tax is based mostly on the property’s occupancy status for the preceding year. For example, if the house is vacant in 2022 the tax will develop into payable in 2023. The Metropolis of Toronto will use various info sources, this kind of as but not limited to, Hydro expenditures and residence tax documents, to validate the occupancy status of residences.

Home house owners who are located to be in violation of the Vacant House Tax will be topic to penalties, together with a high-quality of $250 – $10,000 for each offense such as:

  • Failure to make a Declaration as needed.
  • Producing or agreeing in the building of wrong or misleading statements in a declaration.
  • Altering, hiding or disposing of any records, in get to evade payment or remittance of tax.
  • Generating or agreeing in the making of bogus entries or omission of data.
  • Wilfully, in any fashion, evading or trying to evade:
    • spending tax
    • in any other case complying with the by-law.

If any of the subsequent exemptions implement, a house may be left vacant:

  • Dying of a registered proprietor
    • The property was vacant for 6 months or far more in the past yr thanks to the loss of life of an owner.
  • Repairs of renovations
    • The vacant home is going through repairs or renovations, and all the pursuing disorders have been satisfied:
    • Occupation and normal use of the vacant property is prevented by the repairs and renovations
    • All essential permits have been issued for the repairs and renovations
    • The City’s Main Creating Formal is of the opinion that the repairs or renovations are becoming actively carried out without having unneeded delay.
  • Principal resident is in care
    • The principal resident of the vacant residence is in a healthcare facility, extensive phrase or supportive care facility for at minimum 6 months during the taxation yr. This exemption may well be claimed for up to two consecutive taxation yrs.
  • Transfer of lawful ownership
    • You purchased your property with a closing in the taxation year getting declared, and the sale concerned a 100 % transfer of an interest in the house to an unrelated unique or company. This excludes name improvements, incorporating a next operator and taking away a 2nd owner.
  • Occupancy for total-time work
    • The vacant property is demanded for occupation for employment uses for a complete of at least six months in the taxation yr, by its operator who has a principal residence outdoors of the Greater Toronto Space.
  • Courtroom get
    • There is a court docket purchase in drive which prohibits occupancy of the vacant home for at the very least 6 months of the taxation year.


The Vacant Household Tax is a substantial step taken by the City of Toronto to address the lack of cost-effective housing in the metropolis. House house owners who leave their houses unoccupied for extra than six months in a 12 months will be faced with a 1% tax on the benefit of the property. House entrepreneurs really should assume to be issue to the Vacant Property Tax and be well prepared to declare the occupancy status of their households on their once-a-year assets tax invoice.